عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The Holy Quran, as an eternal book that contains the constitution of Islam, needs to be explained. To access the pure teachings of the Qur'an, referring to the infallible is the best way. The Infallibles (PBUH) have expressed these teachings in various formats, appropriate to the subject, which have reached us through interpretive narrations. Ethical and educational issues are among the topics that have been expressed in different ways.Which of these methods is the use of simile; Because the language of the Ahl al-Bayt (AS) is the common language in custom in which the use of this method is common due to the simplification of reasonable issues.
The result of this research, which has been done by analytical-descriptive method, shows that the metaphorical narrations of the desired interpretation about vices are significantly more than theThis can be analyzed in such a way that the purification of human existence from ugliness precedes the acquisition of virtues, and until human existence is purified from it, it will not be ready to be affected by virtues. Also, in the section on vices, metaphorical narrations are mainly related to esoteric affairs, the reason for which may be the hidden nature of their destructive effects. Finally we can say metaphorical The use of analogy in moral and educational subjects has been done with the aim of better explaining the subject, mental imagery and persuasion of the audience, to help to understand it correctly.narrations in the field of virtues;